1. Read carefully Frederick Douglass’s “Oration in Memory of Abraham Lincoln” (attached). 2. Your task for this project is to go through the text with the proverbial “fine-tooth comb.” For this project, you’re focusing primarily, but not exclusively, on Fahnestock’s discussion of tropes (metaphor) and figures (parallelism, etc.) as well as Lanham’s discussion of “tacit persuasion patterns” (a number of patterns in Fahnestock and Lanham overlap although they sometimes use different labels). Identify the important tropes, figures, and patterns that we’ve been discussing. Use Fahnestock, Lanham, and class exercises and discussion to help deepen your understanding of these various language devices. 3. The syntactical concepts of parataxis and hypotaxis are not the central focus of this project. But you should identify the dominant syntactical pattern (and note deviations) during your preliminary analysis and discuss that pattern’s function as part of your interpretation of speech. Also, note the passage from WEB DuBois that we discussed in first language patterns exercise (see PowerPoint slides for visualization of DuBois’s complicated combination of antithesis and parallelism); consider if Douglass’s use of style is similar 4. Do not list each trope, figure, or pattern that you uncover in your paper. Your detailed analysis of the speech is part of the research that prepares you to write the paper (some additional research will most likely be necessary for this paper; more details are provided below). 5. Your paper should, initially, review the range of important tropes and figures present in the speech. Focus on identifying and illustrating the dominant tropes and figures employed in the speech. Dominant tropes and figures are those that (a) occur with great frequency and (b) those whose function is crucial if the speaker is going to negotiate his/her rhetorical situation successfully (note: frequency alone won’t make a trope worth analyzing in-depth). 5a. Provide ample evidence to support your descriptive claims. Make sure you thoroughly describe the important stylistic strategies in the speech. Sentence charting is an excellent way to support your claims re. tropes, figures, patterns, and syntax. 6. Devote approximately 2/3s of the paper to your descriptive summary and supporting evidence. 7. The final 1/3 of the paper should build an interpretation out of your description. Work hard to build your interpretation out of your description. Interpretive insights that are not connected to the descriptive analysis and do not extend on the readings for this unit and class discussion are suspect. 7a. While your paper should reflect a 2/3 description and 1/3 interpretation ratio (as noted above), you need not (as social scientists tend to) isolate interpretation in a section apart from the description. Critics often weave description and interpretation together. Feel free to move immediately from description to interpretation if it will help you explain how Douglass’s tacit persuasion patterns function. 2 8. On what should your interpretative effort for this assignment focus? The basic questions still apply: interpretation is trying to answer the questions “what is going on?” or “how does this text/passage function?” Your interpretive task is to try and figure out how Douglass’s tropes, figures, patterns, and syntax “work,” how they function, or to uncover what they are “doing.” What type of invitations are they making to an audience? Your interpretive work should draw upon Fahnestock and Lanham’s insights as well as class discussions. 9. A word of caution: please avoid vague interpretative statements (saying something like “Douglass’s use of ‘x’ aided his purpose” when you haven’t said anything specific about his purpose) or offering superficial interpretations (saying something like “Douglass’s use of ‘x’ made his speech meaningful or memorable”). Remember, noting that language patterns produce euphony (are memorable or make something stand out) is only a first step. Claiming that tropes, figures, and patterns contribute to euphony does not satisfy the requirement that you interpret the text. 10. As I hope is now clear from previous assignments and multiple class discussions, understanding a speak or writer’s context or rhetorical situation is crucial if you want to understand the rhetorical potential of their style patterns. Understanding Douglass’s rhetorical situation will be essential if you want to produce a superior paper. You should investigate (1) the way the ceremonial occasion and epideictic genre impose certain obligations on Douglass (you can consult the canvas reading on epideictic [in course handouts section] as well as any other sources on the topic you might identify) and (2) any relevant historical/political issues that confronted Douglass and the nation in 1876. You should plan to spend at least one solid paragraph describing Douglass’s rhetorical situation and include this paragraph early in your paper. In his essay “Lincoln Among the Nineteenth-Century Orators,” Michael Leff discusses this speech and provides some potentially useful situational analysis. The essay is in Rhetoric and Political Culture in Nineteenth-Century America, ed. T.W. Benson (East Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1997). I’ve included with the assignment the relevant portion of the essay. Leff’s essay can be helpful, but don’t make the mistake of simply repeating his conclusions in your paper. You need to develop original descriptive analysis and an original interpretation. My essay in the same volume discusses a different Douglass speech but might provide some insight into Douglass’s ability to negotiate the constraints of ceremonial/epideictic occasions. Historian David Blight discusses a number of Douglass’s speeches from this time period in “‘For Something Beyond the Battlefield’: Frederick Douglass and the Struggle for the Memory of the Civil War” Journal of American History, 75 (1989): 1156-1178, and his analysis might inform your interpretation. Finally, James Oakes discusses both the situation and the speech. See his The Radical and the Republican: Frederick Douglass, Abraham Lincoln, and the Triumph of Antislavery Politics (NY: WW Norton, 2007), esp. 266-275. 11. Your primary objectives in this assignment are: (a) display your grasp of the conceptual material (the various tropes, figures, and patterns) introduced in Fahnestock and Lanham and discussed in class, (b) accurately describe the dominant patterns in the Douglass speech and (c) generate a sound and insightful interpretation that draws upon reading/discussion to explain how the patterns function, how they may have helped Douglass negotiate his rhetorical situation.
Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers
We offer top-quality and well-researched assignment papers at low prices. We believe in offering the best quality services as we care about your grades, academic performance, and success. Our writers range from masters and Ph.D. graduates to professors. Our panel of expert academic writers does not rest until they are 100% sure your essay will score you an A+ only.
Professional and Experienced Academic Writers
Our writing company has the best panel of experienced academic and business writers. Our writers have experience of up to 9 years in the writing industry. They will go the extra mile to make sure you are handing in a quality A+ paper. If you are a student searching for any academic help, I advise you to seek for our experts' help.
Free Unlimited Revisions
Our clients frequently ask if they will be liable to free revisions once they place an assignment order with us. However, how many times you ask for revisions, our academic experts will help you. Either way, there is no need to worry as we provide free revisions. We are always after our clients’ satisfaction, and we are very proud to say that all our clients are satisfied with our writing services.
Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee
We are strict when it comes to assignments deadlines. We make sure our writers keep in mind the assignment delivery time. Because we care about clients, we go that extra mile to make sure you do not face those consequences. Whatever the deadline, we promise our clients a prompt delivery.
Are our charges too cheap for you to believe? Here at Assignments Ace, we offer quality assignment help at affordable prices. Our prices are substantive to cater to all students. Every time you place your assignment order with us, you are guaranteed a 15% discount.In addition, new clients enjoy a discount of 30% when placing their first order with us.
Customer Support 24/7
Do you have any queries for us? Or do you want to consult with our expert academic writers? Go ahead and contact us. We have 24/7 online friendly customer service. Whatever time of the day or night, we are always available for you. You can chat with us via our online chat services or contact us via our email, firstname.lastname@example.org.
Try it now!
How it works?
Follow these simple steps to get your paper done
Place your order
Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.
Proceed with the payment
Choose the payment system that suits you most.
Receive the final file
Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.
Our assignments help website is the most internationally sought-after site because we offer a wide range of top-quality services at low prices. Our proud history as an assignment help company stretches back nine years. We do offer Top Quality, Well-Researched Papers and Online classes to help students internationally. We do both of these things at cheap affordable prices by offering up to a 30% discount.
Writing an essay is one of the most tedious tasks that require a lot of concentration and research. Writing an essay takes hours and even up days. We offer the best custom writing service and have your best interests in mind. Most online writing industries do not have qualified writers and are just after your money. Worry less, our writers who have enough experience are ready to give you the help you need. Our writers are carefully selected and undergo some tests to prove their professionalism.
Are you applying for a college? We help students join their dream college by writing for them strong admission papers that showcases their qualities and personalities. An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. We utilize statements of purpose, personal statements, and personal essays to make a compelling case by stating your leadership activities, education, accomplishments, and professional background.
Editing and Proofreading
We offer an abundance of online proofreading and editing services for our clients. By definition, proofreading is the final surface-level check done on a document. Other academic writing companies offer editing and proofreading as separate services. At our assignment help website, we offer editing and proofreading services as one complete package at affordable cheap prices. Grab your 30% Coupon if you order today!!!
Are you a student pursuing an MBA in business, no need to look any further? We offer the best assignment help as we have the top niche MBA business writers who will give you A+ assignments. Over the years, our experts have helped students accomplish their academic dreams. We have helped thousands of students complete their business assignments with confidence.Grab your 30% Coupon if you order today!!!